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Seringkali bank sentral ini menggunakan cadangan devisanya untuk menstabilkan pasar. Dengan ekspektasi pasar ataupun isu tentang intervensi yang dilakukan oleh bank sentral belaka telah cukup untuk menstabilkan kurs mata uang setempat, tetapi intervensi yang agresif dilakukan beberapa kali dalam setiap tahunnya pada suatu negara yang kurs mata uangnya bergejolak. Berbagai sumber dana yang ada di pasaran valuta asing apabila disatukan dapat dengan mudah "mempermainkan" bank sentral menarik atau menjual mata uang dalam jumlah yang sangat besar sekali sehingga bank sentral tidak mampu lagi melakukan intervensi di mana skenario ini nampak pada tahun - di mana mekanisme nilai tukar Eropa European Exchange Rate Mechanism - ERM  mengalami kejatuhan serta beberapa kali jatuhnya nilai tukar mata uang di Asia Tenggara.
Perusahaan manajemen investasi yang mana biasanya adalah merupakan pengelola banyak sekali akun atas nama nasabahnya seperti misalnya dana pensiun dan dana sumbangan yayasan yang bertransaksi di pasar valuta asing untuk kebutuhan mata uang asing guna melakukan transaksi pembelian saham di luar negeri. Transaksi valuta asing bagi mereka adalah bukan merupakan tujuan investasi utamanya sehingga transaksi yang dilakukannya bukan dengan tujuan spekulasi ataupun dengan tujuan memperoleh keuntungan sebesar-besarnya.
Hedge funds   sebuah perusahaan investasi yang menjalankan kegiatan usaha transaksi spekulatif untuk mendapatkan keuntungan seperti misalnya George Soros  yang reputasinya naik disebabkan oleh kegiatan spekulasi mata uang yang dilakukannya secara agresif sejak tahun Ia mengelola dana triliunan US dollar dan masih bisa meminjam lagi triliunan US dollar dan oleh karenanya mampu membuat intervensi yang dilakukan oleh bank sentral suatu negara untuk menjaga nilai tukar mata uangnya menjadi tidak berdaya apabila fundamental ekonomi tergantung pada "belas kasihan" hedge funds.
Pialang valuta asing adalah perusahaan yang didirikan khusus untuk melakukan kegiatan jasa perantara bagi kepentingan nasabahnya di bidang pasar uang dengan memperoleh imbalan atas jasanya. Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas. Ini adalah versi stabil , diperiksa pada tanggal 25 Februari Ada 1 perubahan tertunda menunggu peninjauan.
The Euromoney FX survey claims to be the pre-eminent poll of foreign exchange service providers. Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Diperoleh dari " https: Ruang nama Halaman Pembicaraan.
Komunitas Warung Kopi Portal komunitas Bantuan. Dalam proyek lain Wikimedia Commons. Lihat Ketentuan Penggunaan untuk lebih jelasnya. Royal Bank of Scotland. Bank in Winterthur est. Chase Investors Management Corporation est. Chairman Marcel Ospel did not apply for re-election at the annual general meeting of shareholders held on 23 April , and was succeeded by Peter Kurer , who was general counsel. Former Bundesbank president Axel A.
Weber was nominated in mid for election to the board at the annual meeting and, at that time, intended to be elected as a chairman of the board after Villiger's retirement in Previously, on 29 February , Marcel Rohner had resigned and was succeeded by Grübel. Körner's task was to cut administrative expenses and boost profits. Scully and Dieter Wemmer were elected as new members of the Board. As of 31 December , shareholdings of the Group were distributed as follows: UBS frequently cites Swiss culture —specifically its penchant for privacy, security and neutrality —as foundational to its company culture.
While UBS maintains the strictest banking secrecy policies in Switzerland, its policies across Europe and especially the United States are comparable. UBS, along with other Swiss banks, maintains a variety hidden assets and numbered bank accounts in an effort to preserve anonymity and confidentiality.
In January , Christoph Meili , a night guard at the Union Bank of Switzerland precursor of UBS in Zürich , publicly announced that bank officials were destroying documents about orphaned assets, believed to be the credit balances of both Nazi German and Jewish clients attained during World War II.
The Swiss government has taken steps to curb the usage of hidden services by foreign account holders as they have been frequently used to facilitate the transfer of " black money ". UBS, along with other Swiss banks, owns and operates undisclosed or otherwise secretive bank vaults, storage facilities or underground bunkers for gold bars, diamonds, cash, or other valuable physical assets.
The largest disclosed Swiss bank vault is five floors 65 ft. The strict banking secrecy policies and bank-client confidentiality agreements at UBS have frequently been used to avoid, evade or otherwise escape foreign direct taxation.
UBS reached multilateral agreements with the U. HM Revenue and Customs in and , respectively. Swiss banks are only allowed to disclose client information if a client is legally charged with proof of deliberate financial fraud , not merely the non-reporting of assets to avoid taxation.
The banking privacy policies of UBS have led to numerous controversies and disagreements with foreign governments:. In January , UBS issued a new code of conduct and business ethics which all employees were encouraged to sign. The code addressed issues such as financial crime, competition, confidentiality, as well as human rights and environmental issues.
The eight-page code also lays out potential sanctions against employees who violate it, including warnings, demotions, or dismissal.
In , UBS expanded its global compliance database to include information on environmental and social issues provided by RepRisk ,  a global research firm specialized in environmental, social and corporate governance e. ESG risk analytics and metrics. In a year of extremes for equity markets, money managers say that no firm did a better job than UBS to keep them informed about which European sectors, countries, and industries offered the greatest potential.
Research tenth year ; Sales ninth year running ; and Equity Trading and Execution up from second place in UBS was also named as the number one leading pan-European brokerage firm for economics and strategy research. In , as already in both previous years, RobecoSAM, an organization specialized exclusively on Sustainability Investing and conducting extensive research,  named UBS in its Industry group leader report for each of the industry groups represented in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index the group leader  in Diversified Financials.
The selection criteria are focused less on the size, but rather on qualities that companies look for when choosing a provider. UBS is particularly active in sponsoring various golf tournaments , cross-country skiing in Switzerland, ice hockey , and a range of other events around the world. UBS has been or currently is a sponsor of the following sporting events and organizations:. UBS's cultural sponsorships are typically related to classical music and contemporary art, although the company also sponsors a range of film festivals , music festivals, and other cultural events and organizations.
UBS has previously been or currently is a sponsor of the following cultural events and organizations:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the investment bank and financial services company. For other uses, see UBS disambiguation. Investment banking financial services.
Mergers and acquisitions investment management wealth management private banking corporate banking private equity finance and insurance retail banking mortgages credit cards. The Basel offices of Swiss Bank Corporation c. Bank in Winterthur , est. Toggenburger Bank , est. UBS tax evasion controversies. In Switzerland, UBS operations are regulated by Swiss banking secrecy laws which legally prohibit it from disclosing client information to third parties, subject to terms and conditions.
In its third largest market, the United States, UBS complies with FINRA privacy laws which prohibits unauthorized distribution of client information or data, subject to terms and conditions.
Retrieved 1 May Union Bank of Switzerland". Retrieved June 16, What does 'UBS' stand for? However, just like other prominent brands which used to be an abbreviation of a company name, UBS is no longer considered an acronym.
Retrieved August 8, The three-times married banker was the architect of what was originally meant to be called United Bank of Switzerland — the fusion of Swiss Bank Corporation and Union Bank of Switzerland in He later masterminded the acquisition of U.
How we are organized". Swiss prosecutors seek widening of secrecy law to Retrieved July 22, Retrieved 5 April EU and Switzerland sign historic tax transparency agreement". Retrieved 3 April A logo of three keys, standing for confidence, security, and discretion, was taken over from [Swiss Bank Corporation] Retrieved 4 February Archived from the original on Retrieved 31 July Retrieved June 1, Telegraph Media Group Limited.
Create the life you want". Private clients - Tailored money solutions". Corporate customers - The right solution for every need". UBS in the world". Retrieved 27 July Why invest with us. Helping you solve your global investment challenges". A version of this article appears in print on June 9, , on page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: The New York Times.
Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 21 March Retrieved 29 March Besides he's too busy looking in the mirror telling himself how great he is. Totally agree with you. This loser has been predicting sub 2, 1. I'm like Wolfy certainly don't believe Barclays will hit these lows While London South East do their best to maintain the high quality of the information displayed on this site, we cannot be held responsible for any loss due to incorrect information found here.