Positions at a discount If the currency you are buying has a higher interest rate than that which you are selling, you will earn rollover fees — this is referred to as a position being at a discount. It is during these days that volatile picks up and also you might start getting alerts from your futures broker to close out your open trades. As a result, the rollover applied on Wednesday will be for three days of rollover interest. Trading All Products Home.
After the futures contract expires, it is generally the job of the clearinghouse to match the holder of the long contract and the holder of the short contract. The trader holding the short contract is required to deliver the underlying asset to the holder of the long contract. To make the exchange, the holder of the long contract must place the entire value of the contract with the clearinghouse in order take delivery of the asset.
This can be a costly affair and can vary from one market to another. For example, one contract of crude oil controls barrels of oil. On top of this, there are additional costs of storage and delivery that the buyer must pay for. As you can see from the above, taking physical delivery of a commodity can be expensive unless you really know what you are doing. Cash settled futures contract, as the name suggests is settled for cash instead of physical delivery.
A futures contract is finite in its duration and therefore every futures contract comes with key specifications that traders need to be aware of. There is usually a few days gap between the last trading day and the expiration day, this is known as the roll date. It is during these days that volatile picks up and also you might start getting alerts from your futures broker to close out your open trades.
Roll dates are unique to each contract and can vary in duration. Therefore futures traders need to bear in mind about this important variable. While expiration date and last trading day are fixed, the roll dates can vary.
It is essential to understand this major distinction as traders often confuse roll dates for expiration dates. The period of roll date is one of the most volatile periods as it marks the end of the current contract and the beginning of a new contract. Therefore, volumes will start to shift significantly as traders start closing out the positions on the existing contracts and open new positions in the fresh or the front month contracts. Price volatility can be seen in both the contract periods.
It goes without saying that traders who trade a contract during the roll dates will find it difficult to manage their traders and traders should also expect to see slippage in prices. Trading volumes during these periods are typically split between the expiring contract and the new contracts leading to large price swings and gaps. The roll dates influence not just volumes but can also lead to higher spreads which makes it difficult to enter or exit from a day trading position.
To get to the calendar, simply find the specific futures contract and click on the product name link which will take you to the contract specifications page where you will see the calendar tab. Lastly, rollover day is different for all of the different contracts. In other words, the number of days before expiration when a trader needs to exit one contract for another varies among the different futures contracts.
Below is a list of the groups and days prior to expiration when rollover occurs:. With this information, you simply check the product calendar at the beginning of every month and prepare to make the switch from one contract to the next. In addition, most brokers send out two or three notifications to this effect to all their customers.
Disclaimer This newsletter is written for educational purposes only. By no means do any of its contents recommend, advocate or urge the buying, selling or holding of any financial instrument whatsoever. Many financial futures contracts, such as the popular E-mini contracts, are cash settled upon expiration.
Large traders usually roll their positions prior to expiration to maintain the same exposure to the market. Some traders may attempt to profit from pricing anomalies during these rollover periods.
How do futures contracts roll over? Lioudis Updated February 8, — 5: Physical Settlement Non-financial commodities such as grains, livestock and precious metals most often use physical settlement. Cash Settlement Many financial futures contracts, such as the popular E-mini contracts, are cash settled upon expiration.
An option gives a buyer the right, but not the obligation to buy or sell an asset, A futures contract obligates the buyer A derivative is a financial contract that gets its value from an underlying asset. Options offer one type of common derivative.